A Grammar of Nuosu by Matthias Gerner

By Matthias Gerner

This can be the 1st smooth grammar of Nuosu written in English. Nuosu belongs to a bit identified portion of Tibeto-Burman. The 2.5 Million ethnic Nuosu are a part of the Yi nationality and reside in Sichuan (China). This grammar informs Tibeto-Burman linguists, typologists, students of language touch and overseas newbies of Nuosu.

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Logical Syllables: Graphemes in Nuosu Script: Graphemes in actual use: 1,760 (= 44 Initials × 10 Finals × 4 Suprasegments) 1,119 1,005 Graphemes that represent syllables in the sandhi tone have a bonnet compared to the grapheme symbolizing the syllable with [33]-tone. ꂰ ꐡ ꇐ mi jjuo lu ꂯ ꐠ ꇏ mix jjuox lux In two cases, the sandhi-tone grapheme contrasts with the grapheme for the syllable with [21]-tone. ꃳ ꋻ vep nzop ꃲ ꋺ vex nzox In the attached syllabary, I have marked those graphemes of the script that are not in actual use with gray shade.

The origin of the Yi 彝族源流 . Guìyáng: Guìzhōu Nationalities Press). 4 The people and their environment The Nuosu caste society surfaced after the Mongols extended their subsidiary ruling system based on indigenous chieftains (tŭsī) all over China in the 13th century. The rise of the caste system is probably directly related to the installment of indigenous chieftains by the imperial administration. The nzymo6 constituted a relatively small group of indigenous landowners chosen by the central government from several spots in Liángshān.

5). (2) a. ꊿꂷ co ma man CL ‘a man’ b. ꊿꂶꌠ co max su man ART=CL-DET ‘the man’ c. ꁮꏂꏢ bbu shy ji snake CL ‘a snake’ d. ꁮꏂꏡꌠ bbu shy jix su snake ART=CL-DET ‘the snake’ The Nuosu predicate is marked for TAM by verb suffixes. Bare verbs are allowed and frequent. TAM suffixes are described in section 7. At least two types of TAM suffixes are cross-linguistically exceptional. The exhaustion particle targets three kinds of structure: the clause-initial NP on which it acts as universal quantifier (‘all’), the VP which it modifies as completive marker (‘completely’) and the AP on which it contributes the meaning of superlative (‘most’).

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