By Ronald E. Peterson
The period of Russian Symbolism (1892-1917) has been referred to as the Silver Age of Russian tradition, or even the second one Golden Age. Symbolist authors are one of the maximum Russian authors of this century, and their actions helped to foster probably the most major advances in cultural existence (in poetry, prose, track, theater, and portray) that has ever been obvious there. This ebook is designed to function an advent to Symbolism in Russia, as a flow, a creative technique, and a global view. the first emphasis is at the historical past of the circulate itself. recognition is dedicated to what the Symbolists wrote, acknowledged, and concept, and on how they interacted. during this context, the most actors are the authors of poetry, prose, drama, and feedback, yet area is usually dedicated to the real connections among literary figures and artists, philosophers, and the intelligentsia in most cases. This wide, exact and balanced account of this era will function a typical reference paintings an motivate extra examine between students and scholars of literature.
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30 There is a strong emphasis on expectation, self-interest, on free will (as interpreted once again by Schopenhauer), an interest in the sun and wind shared by Balmont, and a view of death as fainting. Konevskoy hoped there were possibilities for other existences. Because of his premature death in 1901 at the age of twenty-three, it is not really possible to speculate on whether he would have become a major poet, or on whether his unconventional language and difficult syntax would have developed into a more conventional style.
Hippius found the book a "true pleasure" and praised several of the poems in it, calling them beautiful and almost perfect. Sologub was often criticized for the "decadent character" of his verse, but 20 A HISTORY OF RUSSIAN SYMBOLISM his talent was generally acknowledged. This was in fact a common kind of reaction to Russian Symbolist poetry in these early years; the talent of these poets could not be ignored. Balmont Another poet who gained a reputation as a "decadent" during this phase of Symbolism was Konstantin Balmont.
Solovyov remarked that one of the most noticeable characteristics of the Russian Symbolists was their rapid propagation, from two to ten in a few months. 32 In fact, as N. Gudzy has pointed out, Bryusov and Miropolsky were again the main contributors to this volume, though they were joined by a couple of other minor writers. 33 Bryusov was again singled out for modest approval, and the translations included were generally considered acceptable. 34 Bryusov attacked his critics in the foreword to this volume, which is an unfinished essay ("To the Zoiluses and Aristarchuses").