A Linguistic Investigation of Aphasic Chinese Speech by Jerome L. Packard (auth.)

By Jerome L. Packard (auth.)

A Linguistic research of Aphasic chinese language Speech is the 1st exact linguistic research of a big physique of aphasic chinese language common speech information. This paintings describes how the main aphasia syndromes are happen in chinese language, a language which differs considerably from languages upon which conventional aphasia conception relies. Following the chinese language information, a brand new cause of the foremost aphasia syndromes is available in keeping with the cognitive technological know-how modularity speculation. the speculation posits that Broca's aphasia is the results of computational deficits that take place inside of linguistic parts, whereas Wernicke's aphasia is the results of deficits that take place within the move of knowledge among parts. it truly is proven how the fluent and non-fluent features of the main aphasia syndromes persist with without delay from the houses of cognitive modules.
specified linguistic descriptions of Broca's and Wernicke's aphasia in chinese language are supplied, together with a precis of diagnostics of aphasia style. the full corpora of 4 aphasic chinese language audio system, together with interlinear and unfastened translations, are awarded in an Appendix.

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Inflectional affixes (such as -s) change neither form class nor stress pattern (activity --+ activities). These three types of affix apply to words in a given order, namely, class 1 affixes followed by class 2 affixes and then inflectional affixes. For example, the class 1 affix -ate must attach before the attachment ofthe class 2 affix de- : active --+ activate --+ deactivate, versus active --+ *deactive --+ deactivate. In the same way, the affixation of third person singular -s may not precede the affixation of -ate, or the incorrect form results: active--+ activate --+ activates, versus active --+ *actives --+ *activesate.

10 (L140) cf. Zhe laoshi zuo pangbian ¢12 OdianliaoO. This teacher sit side (do) electric-cure This teacher is sitting on the side electrotherapy. zuo pangbian zhiliao. Zhe laoshi This teacher sit side cure-cure This teacher is sitting on the side treating me. 'electrotherapy' in place of zhiliao 'therapy Ito cure'. , dian is a substitute for zhi). 4. , the wrong word is used, but it is a possible word used in the correct form class category) in LXZ's speech. 11 (L137) IXlGailXlle IXldianlXl. cover-ASP electricity He covered electricity.

25 [[wodelmod [sanlnum me-MOD three my three dollars [wodelmod me-MOD [qianlnounlN money [kuail cla• CLAS [qianlnounlN money As in most languages, in Mandarin a sentence can act as a noun when it is embedded in a matrix sentence, occurring as an argument of certain 30 CHAPTER 2. A BRIEF MANDARIN GRAMMAR verbs (such as 'believe' (ziangzin) , 'know' zhidao, or 'want' yao). A. Y-H. Li (1990) motivates a distinction between finite and non-finite clauses in Mandarin based on various properties of these embedded sentences (see footnote 32).

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