A Sociology of Japanese Youth: From Returnees to NEETs by Roger Goodman, Yuki Imoto, Tuukka Toivonen

By Roger Goodman, Yuki Imoto, Tuukka Toivonen

Over the previous thirty years, when Japan has produced a various set of juvenile cultures that have had an incredible influence on pop culture around the globe, it has additionally constructed a succession of teen difficulties that have ended in significant issues in the state itself. Drawing on certain empirical fieldwork, the authors of this quantity set those matters in a sincerely articulated ‘social constructionist’ framework, and placed forth a sociology of jap formative years difficulties which argues that there's a convinced predictability concerning the approach within which those difficulties are came upon, outlined and dealt with.

The chapters comprise case reports masking matters such as:

Returnee childrens (kikokushijo)

Compensated relationship (enjo kōsai)

Corporal punishment (taibatsu)

Bullying (ijime)

Child abuse (jidō gyakutai)

The withdrawn early life (hikikomori) and

NEETs (not in schooling, employment or training)

By reading those a variety of social difficulties jointly, A Sociology of eastern formative years explains why specific early life difficulties seemed after they did and what classes they could supply for the learn of teenybopper difficulties in different societies.

This e-book can be of massive curiosity to scholars and students of jap society and tradition, the sociology of Japan, jap anthropology and the comparative sociology of adlescent studies.

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Additional resources for A Sociology of Japanese Youth: From Returnees to NEETs

Sample text

2009) Explaining Social Inclusion and Activation Policy for Youth in 21st Century Japan, University of Oxford PhD Thesis. Toivonen, T. (forthcoming) Japan’s Emerging Youth Policy: Getting Young Adults back to work, Routledge. Turner, V. (1975) ‘Symbolic Studies’, Annual Review of Anthropology, 4: 145–61. Uno, S. (2006) ‘1990 nen-dai Nihon no Shakai-kagaku: jikohansei to sono keisho¯ ( Japanese Social Science in the 1990s: Self-reflection and its continuity)’ Shakaikagaku Kenkyu¯, 58(1): 99–123.

The formation of such ‘industries’ is further documented in the case studies included in this volume. One thing that a comparison of cases shows is the relationship between the different youth problem industries. For example, well-known private youth support institutions, such as Kudo¯ Sadatsugu’s Youth Independence Support Centre (Tokyo) and K2 International (Yokohama), have evolved from support institutions for ‘school-refusers’ (1980s) to those for ‘withdrawn youth’ (1990s), to ‘NEET support experts’ in the mid-2000s (Toivonen 2009).

All of these categories, however, should be seen as symbolic and open to manipulation and change As Horiguchi points out in Chapter 6, before the advent of the category of hikikomori, other labels such as ‘school-refusers’ or ‘moratorium beings’ were applied to youth who stayed at home for prolonged periods of time. In her discussion on the otaku, Kinsella echoes this observation in positing that ‘key themes of previous debates about youth resurfaced in new forms’ in the 1990s in the public debate regarding the characteristics of young people involved with manga (Kinsella 1998: 292).

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