By Sonia Harris-Short
This quantity addresses the contentious and topical factor of aboriginal self-government over baby welfare. utilizing case stories from Australia and Canada, it discusses aboriginal baby welfare in old and comparative views and seriously examines fresh felony reforms and alterations within the layout, administration and supply of kid welfare prone aimed toward securing the 'decolonization' of aboriginal teenagers and households. inside this context, the writer identifies the restrictions of reconciling the conflicting calls for of self-determination and sovereignty and means that foreign legislation offers extra nuanced and culturally delicate recommendations. pertaining to the UN statement at the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, and the UN conference at the Rights of the kid, it's argued that the potent decolonization of aboriginal baby welfare calls for a trip well past the only factor of kid welfare to the guts of the talk over self-government, self-determination and sovereignty in either nationwide and foreign legislation.
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Extra info for Aboriginal Child Welfare, Self-Government and the Rights of Indigenous Children: Protecting the Vulnerable Under International Law
53 Removing ‘half-caste’ Aboriginal children from their families and communities was perceived as the ‘key’ to the problem: Children are removed from the evil influence of the Aboriginal camp with its lack of moral training and its risk of serious organic infectious disease. 56 Debate centred on the most appropriate age to remove a child. 58 Little thought or consideration was given to the effects of these separations on either the children or their parents. In the words of one of the Protectors in Western Australia: The half-caste is intellectually above the aborigine, and it is the duty of the State that they be given a chance to lead a better life than their mothers.
The sexual exploitation of young indigenous girls by non-indigenous men, often resulting in pregnancy, was therefore extremely common. , 132. , 29. 28 Aboriginal Child Welfare, Self-Government and the Rights of Indigenous Children was a simple one. 43 There was also a particular focus on Aboriginal girls. 50 Under both the absorption and assimilation models Aboriginal culture was treated with disdain: as an obstacle to progress. It was therefore believed to be of crucial importance in securing the success of the absorption and assimilation policies that mixed race children be isolated and protected from the culture, traditions, and generally ‘corrupting’ influence of their Aboriginal families.
Taking Self-Government over Aboriginal Child Welfare Forward: Balancing Rights Behind HREOC’s recommendations on self-government lies a fundamentally important question. The continuing effects of colonial rule on Aboriginal communities brings into sharp relief the difficult problem of how best to ensure the rights and interests of individual Aboriginal children are protected, whilst also according proper respect to the sovereign jurisdiction of Aboriginal governments over their people, their culture and their lands.