By Paul Tennant
This ebook provides the 1st complete therapy of the land query in British Columbia and is the 1st to envision the trendy political historical past of British Columbia Indians. It covers the land query from its very beginnings and provides certain realization to the newest courtroom judgements, executive rules, land declare advancements, and Indian protest blockades. Aboriginal claims stay a debatable yet little understood factor in modern Canada. British Columbia has been, and is still, the surroundings for the main severe and chronic calls for through local humans, and in addition for the most powerful and such a lot constant competition to local claims via governments and the non-aboriginal public. Land has been the basic query; the Indians have claimed carrying on with possession whereas the province has steadfastly denied the chance. delivering a brand new interpretation of Governor James Douglas, Paul Tennant perspectives him as much less beneficiant to the Indians than have such a lot different historians and demonstrates how Douglas used to be mostly answerable for the long run process the land query. not like what many non-Indians are assuming, the Indians of British Columbia begun their land claims initially of white cost and continued regardless of the big efforts of missionaries and govt officers to suppress Indian tradition, and regardless of Parliament's outlawing of claim-related actions. The Indians emerge during this publication as political innovators who maintained their identification and beliefs and who this present day have extra power and cohesion than ever prior to. the writer has carried out vast interviews with many Indian leaders and has tested the interior workings of presidency organisations and Indian political firms. whereas sympathetic to local claims, he focuses as a lot on mess ups and deficiencies as on strengths and successes. "Paul Tennant is an affiliate Professor within the division of Political technology on the collage of British Columbia.". This publication is meant for.
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Additional resources for Aboriginal Peoples and Politics: The Indian Land Question in British Columbia, 1849-1989
29 What, then, is to be concluded about thé treatment of thé Indian land question in thé colony of Vancouver Island? It is indisputable that white public opinion, as expressed in newspaper editorials and, more signifïcantly, by elected white représentatives, did accept thé principle of aboriginal title and was in favour of purchasing that title. 30 Among thé Whites, notions of fair dealing in acquiring Indian lands could go hand in hand with contempt for Indians. There was continuous and unanimous acknowledgment of aboriginal title in thé colony by thé three officiai actors: thé Colonial Office, thé governor, and thé assembly.
To Douglas's enduring crédit, he recognized that Indian social breakdown and personal demoralization were thé product of white impact rather than of racial weakness. At thé same time, he believed that traditional Indian ways could not survive in thé new circumstances and that Indian salvation lay in Christianity and a European agrarian lifestyle. Moreover, Douglas was willing to develop long-term policy at a time when many Whites, and probably many Indians too, assumed that thé rapid Indian population décline meant that short-term charity was thé most that was needed of officiai policy-makers.
It was only in 1849, after thé Oregon Treaty of 1846 had set a southern limit to their influence, that thé British established thé Colony of Vancouver Island, giving charge of land and settlement to thé Hudson's Bay Company. Then came thé gold rushes. The Mainland was made a colony in 1858 and named British Columbia. James Douglas was governor of Vancouver Island from 1851 and of both colonies from 1858 until his retirement in 1864. The two colonies were united into thé one colony of British Columbia in 1866.