By Brian C. Black Ph.D., Richard Flarend
As this ebook makes transparent, civilization can't lengthy proceed to experience on an oil slick. around the globe, many folks have come to work out dependence on coal, and particularly on oil, not just as unsustainable, yet as profoundly destabilizing, either environmentally and politically. whereas ever-increasing calls for stay put on "mainstream" power resources, ordinary makes an attempt were made to generate energy in "alternative" methods. After retracing a few of these efforts, this succinct and traditionally trained quantity explores the continuing debate over replacement power that collected power within the twentieth century, displaying how that discuss mirrors better attitudes towards power and intake. Like different volumes during this sequence, replacement power is designed to supply fabric for scholar studies and debate arguments. it really is an excellent sourcebook for these drawn to investigating the issues and clients of different fuels.
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Additional info for Alternative Energy (Historical Guides to Controversial Issues in America)
The main advantage of using hydrogen is that energy, in the form of hydrogen, can be stored during times of low demand and high production and then used during times of high demand and low production. An example of the benefit of storage is that solar energy could then be stored for use at night. The shortcomings of a hydrogen-based energy economy is that hydrogen is currently much too expensive to produce, store, and convert back into useful energy. If the national electric grid were significantly updated to have a much larger capacity, this would also provide the infrastructure for all the raw energy sources to compete with each other.
9). Although CFCs are a far more powerful greenhouse gas on a per-molecule basis than CO2, CO2 is still more important, because there is far more CO2 produced by humans than CFCs. All fossil fuels release CO2 when they are burned, and unless this CO2 is captured and sequestered, it will increase the greenhouse effect and cause global climate change. , killing 25,000 people per year) but it does pose a more severe long-term threat with global climate change. Global climate change is usually expressed as the temperature change the earth will see, based on global yearly average temperatures.
Through the 18th century, wheels, gears, and shafts were most often made of wood. Afterward, the more durable iron would take over as the primary construction material for manufacturing hardware. Throughout the 1600s, wheels remained limited to producing approximately four kilowatts. The only way to expand a manufacturing site’s 34 alternative energy capabilities was to add wheels. For instance, by the late 1600s, one of the best-known industrial sites was the series of 14 large waterwheels on the Seine at Marly that were built to pump water for the Versailles fountains of Louis XIV.