By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems, Committee on Alternatives for Inspection of Outer Continental ShelfOperations
Aggressive, powerful defense inspection courses are key parts to making sure that oil- and gas-producing platform operations at the outer continental shelf are carried out in a secure and environmentally sound demeanour. even though the oil and gasoline leaseholders themselves are basically accountable for the stability in their operations, the Minerals administration provider (MMS) of the dept of the inner is charged with prescribing safety and analyzing systems. in line with an MMS request, this e-book examines attainable revisions of MMS's inspection process, appraises inspection practices elsewhere--both in executive and industry--assesses the benefits and drawbacks of different systems, and recommends possibly extra effective practices aimed toward expanding industry's know-how of its responsibility for safety.
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Personnel generally work a 12-hour shift, then spend 12 hours off duty. However, since the workers are domiciled on the facilities for the full day, they are exposed to certain hazards even when they are off duty, which is not the case in land operations. In these circumstances, the committee has deemed it necessary to consider both working (12 hr/day) and total (24 hr/day) exposure. S. R. 30). There, a reportable injury is defined as injury to five or more persons in a single accident or an injury causing any person to be incapacitated for more than 72 hours.
There follows a summary of the regulatory and technical underpinnings for the system of safety-related requirements in force today in drilling and production operations. Finally, the OCS safety record is examined from a statistical standpoint. PRESENT INSPECTION PRACTICE Overview of Inspection Program All oil and gas operations conducted on the OCS are inspected periodically by the MMS. Inspection oversight is decentralized in the regions that administer the leasing program. The MMS is required under the OCS Lands Act (OCSLA) to provide for (1) scheduled "announced" onsite inspections, at least once a year, of each facility on the OCS which is subject to any environmental or safety regulation; and (2) periodic "unannounced" onsite spot inspections without advance notice.
The OCS fatality incidence rate is calculated from the formula (N/EH) × 200,000,000 where N is the number of fatalities, EH is the total hours worked by all employees during a calendar year, and the constant is the standard used by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (2,000 labor hours per year × 100,000 employees) for reporting incidence rates. A minimum (working) and a maximum (total) value of EH in OCS operations was calculated earlier. 1 fatalities/year. 0, respectively. To bring these figures into perspective, the fatality incidence rates in various industries in the private sector are given in Table 2-5, for 1983 and 1984 (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1986).