America's Energy Future: Technology and Transformation: by National Research Council, National Academy of Engineering,

By National Research Council, National Academy of Engineering, National Academy of Sciences, Committee on America's Energy Future

Energy creation and use contact our lives in numerous methods. we're reminded of the price of strength whenever we replenish on the fuel pump, pay an electrical energy invoice, or buy an airline price tag. strength use additionally has vital oblique affects, now not all of that are mirrored in present strength costs: depletion of average assets, degradation of our surroundings, and threats to nationwide safeguard bobbing up from a turning out to be dependence on geopolitically risky areas for a few of our power offers. those oblique affects may possibly elevate sooner or later if the call for for power rises quicker than on hand strength provides. Our nation's problem is to increase an power portfolio that reduces those affects whereas supplying enough and reasonable power offers to maintain our destiny fiscal prosperity.

the U.S. has huge, immense financial and highbrow assets that may be dropped at endure on those demanding situations via a sustained nationwide attempt within the many years forward. America's strength Future is meant to notify the improvement of clever strength guidelines via fostering a greater figuring out of technological techniques for expanding strength offers and bettering the potency of strength use. This precis version of the publication can also be an invaluable source for pros operating within the strength or focused on advocacy and researchers and lecturers in energy-related fields of study.

America's power Future examines the deployment capability, expenditures, limitations, and affects of strength provide and end-use applied sciences through the subsequent to 3 a long time, together with strength potency, replacement transportation fuels, renewable power, fossil gas power, and nuclear power, in addition to applied sciences for making improvements to the nation's electric transmission and distribution systems.

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10 About 86 percent of the natural gas used in the United States at present is produced domestically, and much of the remainder comes from Canada. Prices for natural gas in the North American market have been lower than the price for liquefied natural gas11 on the world market. During the last 2 years, North American natural gas production from conventional resources has declined. But production from unconventional sources— such as coal beds, tight gas sands (rocks through which flow is very slow), and shale—has increased, largely in response to higher prices and new technology.

All rights reserved. html 26 America’s Energy Future Summary Edition energy security, and reduces the adverse environmental impacts arising from energy production and use. Such a transformation could, for example, promote sustainability by using energy more efficiently and increasing the use of renewableenergy sources; support long-term economic prosperity by ensuring the availability of adequate supplies of energy; improve energy security by decreasing the nation’s reliance on petroleum imports; and reduce adverse environmental impacts by reducing CO2 emissions to the atmosphere.

GDP is a R01203 measure of economic activReport 1-5 ity. On average, higher per capita energy consumptionMain is associated with increasing per capita GDP; however, in some cases, per capita GDP has increased while energy use has declined. Sources: Adapted from Shell International BV, Shell Energy Scenarios to 2050 (2008), based on data from the International Monetary Fund and British Petroleum. S. energy consumption, production, imports, and exports, 1949– 2007, in quads. Source: Energy Information Administration, 2008b.

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