By Giovanni Federico
This publication examines the expansion of the area silk undefined. Professor Federico files Western industrialization, the technical development and the altering equipment of construction that enabled the silk to deal with elevated call for. Silk turned the 1st jap luck tale at the global marketplace, with Italy holding a large percentage till exertions was once diverted because of its industrialization. eastern industrialization additionally led its silk to an analogous destiny after the second one global struggle.
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Extra resources for An Economic History of the Silk Industry, 1830-1930
62 For Italy, the dependent variable is the probability of survival 57 58 59 60 62 T h e following description is based o n Provasi 1905, 1 7 1 - 8 3 ; Teruzzi 1915, 24; Mariton 1905, 1 2 3 - 5 and 1 4 8 - 7 5 for Italy; Howard and Buswell 1925, 135; So 1986, 1 2 0 - 1 ; Lieu 1933, 75ff; Li 1981, 175 for China; Tsurumi 1990, 7 5 - 8 5 ; Kyokawa 1 9 9 1 , 6 2 - 3 ; Ishii 1979, 293ff for Japan. RE 'Appunti di un setaiolo', Sole, 3 0 April 1904. T h e y were 5 out of 48 in Shangai (Furuta 1988, 110), 7 out of 195 in Lebanon (Labaki 1984, 90) and 12 out of 145 in Brussa (report of the French consul in Brussa of 22 July 1926 in M A E R C 1 9 1 8 - 4 0 , B-textiles no.
The 1 2 3 For Lombardy, see Moioli 1981, 94-159 and Caizzi 1968, 93-5, for Piedmont, Chicco 1992 and Levi 1967, for Venetia, Caizzi 1965b, 90ff; for the South, Chorley 1965, 180ff and Laudani 1989a and b. Data on looms is from Federico 1994a, Appendice Statistica, table XXVI (except Krefeld, from Kriedte 1991, table 10). e. the technology and the average skill of the workers) and the product mix remained constant. On the growth of the British industry, see Clapham 1952, 20; Warner \92\, passim', and Malmgreen 1985, 6-16 and 21-25; on Lyons, see Pariset 1901, 291£f; Cayez 1978, 142-7 and 196-203; and for the short-term trends, Lequin 1984, I, 27-31; Sheridan 1981, I, 155-268; Sheridan 1984 and (on the Napoleonic period) Biagioli 1990; on Krefeld, Upwich cap 1, Cayez 1978, 147-50; and Pohl 1993, 650-55: on Berg, Schumacher 1914; finally on Zurich, Berger 1984, 162-4 and 204-08; and MottuWeber 1993, 152-3.
The Great Crisis affected a luxury consumption item like silk more than other productions, and the crisis was further worsened by World War II and the invention of viable artificial substitutes for natural silk (such as nylon). So the silk industry 7 8 Federico 1994a, Appendix A for the sources and methods. The data for India refer to gross exports of Indian silk. The exports from the Middle East are estimated as the sum of imports in the Western countries - United Kingdom and France from 1820, Germany from 1880, the United States and Switzerland from 1894 because the trade statistics of the Ottoman Empire are totally unreliable (Pamuk 1987).