By Robert F. Jones
Once we ponder the fur exchange within the early days of America's enlargement westward, visions of mountain males with untamed beards, shouldering muskets, and braving an unexplored desert full of eminent probability, spring to our minds. This mountain manwas certainly a vital part of the fur exchange in America's northwest territory, yet both vital, and sorely unremembered, have been the service provider and the participants of the buying and selling businesses whose accountability it used to be to take the uncooked product and notice that it stumbled on its means into the hats and coats that graced the population of the main towns of the realm. Annals of Astoria is the tale of those males. this is often the magazine of Duncan McDougall, supervising associate of the Pacific Fur corporation at Astoria. It files the day-by-day operations on the submit and within the Oregon nation from the send Tonquin's arrival at the Columbia until eventually the sale of the put up and the company's resources to the North West Fur corporation in November 1813. Like a lot of the industrial heritage of the USA in the course of the early republic, this record is heavily linked to John Jacob Astor. An emigrant from Germany in 1763, the bold adolescence got down to forge new territory within the fur alternate and, along with his 1808 constitution for the yank Fur corporation, created a monopoly within the fur alternate, virtually getting rid of pageant with Canada and Britain. In 1810, Astor geared up the Pacific Fur corporation with Duncan McDougall as considered one of its companions. Later that 12 months, McDougall set out with a team at the send Tonquin towards Vancouver Island as a part of Astor's three-pronged attempt to infiltrate the northwest coast. McDougall used to be the manager of the submit through the years 1811-1813 and used to be completely liable for what was once recorded in it. hence, his log is the main exact account of the day-by-day task of the buying and selling post.
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Additional resources for Annals of Astoria: The Headquarters Log of the Pacific Fur Company on the Columbia Rive, 1811-13.
Astor wrote to Clinton as a preliminary to seeking the assistance of the federal government in, first, doing away with a federal monopoly on trading with the Indians, and, second, securing a monopoly for Astor of the same activity. Clinton's uncle, George Clinton, the former governor of New York, was then serving as vice president under Thomas Jefferson. 6 This was easily obtained. In April 1808, the American Fur Company was incorporated under the laws of the State of New York; it had an initial capitalization of $1,000,000, and a life of twenty-five years.
59, pp. 342-45; Haeger, Astor, pp. 161-69 (quotation on p. 167). See Porter, Astor, I, 227-29, Ronda, Astoria, pp. 288-91, 298-301 for other modern treatments. Page xxiv for examplewhen it is connected to a person, it is usually a record of the impressions, judgments, thoughts, and activities of that person. As the reader will soon discover, there is little of Duncan McDougall in the document presented here. Rather, it is a record of the allocation of resources, especially manpower, economic activity, that is, the buying and selling of provisions, pelts, and trade goods, and the status of the post, for example, the daily sick listin short, the record of post as a business enterprise.
Clive E. Driver, compiler, A Selection from Our Shelves: Books, Manuscripts, and Drawings from the Philip H. and A. S. W. Rosenbach Foundation Museum (Philadelphia: Rosenbach Foundation, 1973), No. 179. Page xxvi volume journal, which is written in a number of hands and has erasures, interlinear and marginal notes, and words lined over, this volume is written in the same neat hand throughout and has no apparent revisions. A review of the text revealed no significant alterations, additions, or subtractions.