Archaeological Landscape Evolution: The Mariana Islands in by Mike T. Carson

By Mike T. Carson

Landscapes were basic to the human adventure world-wide and all through time, but how did we as humans evolve or co-evolve with our landscapes? by means of answering this question, we will comprehend our position within the complicated, ever-changing international that we inhabit.

This booklet courses readers on a trip throughout the concurrent techniques of switch in an built-in natural-cultural background of a panorama. whereas outlining the final ideas for international software, a richly illustrated case is accessible throughout the Mariana Islands within the northwest tropical Pacific and additionally located in a bigger Asia-Pacific context for an entire comprehension of panorama evolution at variable scales. the writer examines what occurred throughout the first time while humans encountered the world’s distant Oceanic setting within the Mariana Islands approximately 3500 years in the past, through a continual series of adjusting sea point, weather, water assets, wooded area composition, human inhabitants progress, and social dynamics. This booklet presents a high-resolution and long term view of the complexities of panorama evolution that impact we all today.

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Arnold, J. E. (2012). Detecting apprentices and innovators in the archaeological record: The shell bead-making industry of the Channel Islands. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, 19, 269–305. Athens, J. , Tuggle, H. , Ward, J. , & Welch, D. J. (2002). Avifaunal extinctions, vegetation change, and Polynesian impacts in prehistoric Hawai‘i. Archaeology in Oceania, 37, 57–78. References 37 Bayman, J. , & Dye, T. S. (2013). Hawaii’s past in s world of Pacific Islands. Washington, DC: SAA Press, Society for American Archaeology.

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2 Deep excavation at one of the Changbinian Cave Sites in eastern Taiwan, September 2014, with Dr. Tsang Cheng-hwa (wearing dark glasses) and Dr. C. Tsang et al. (2009, 2011) documented a stone-tool industry of chipped pebbles and cobbles, as well as several small stone flakes. The larger chipped stone stools likely were used for general-purpose tasks, perhaps for chopping through wood, meat, and bone. The small flakes likely were used for finer cutting and slicing tasks. Extremely few animal bone fragments and shells confirm the expectation of coastal foraging, but the poor preservation of material disallows more precise statements.

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