Assisting Emigration to Upper Canada: The Petworth Project, by Wendy Cameron

By Wendy Cameron

Using a wealthy number of modern resources, this research specializes in one team of English immigrants despatched to top Canada from Sussex and different southern counties simply by parishes and landlords. partially One, Wendy Cameron follows the paintings of the Petworth Emigration Committee over six years and hint how the immigrants have been bought in every one of those years. partially , Mary McDougall Maude offers an entire record of emigrants on Petworth ships from 1832 to 1837, together with info in their heritage, relations reconstructions, and extra info drawn from Canadian resources. Paternalism robust sufficient to gradual the wheels of swap is embodied the following in Thomas Sockett, the organizer of the Petworth emigrations, and his client, the Earl of Egremont, and in Lieutenant Governor Sir John Colborne in top Canada. The friction created as those males sought to maintain older values within the courting among wealthy and negative highlights the shift in British emigration coverage. In those years of transition immigrants despatched by means of the Petworth Emigration Committee may settle for guidance and the govt. path that went with it, or they can depend upon their very own assets and locate paintings for themselves. as soon as the transition was once entire, the market-driven version took over and immigrants needed to make their very own top cut price for his or her labour.

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Additional info for Assisting Emigration to Upper Canada: The Petworth Project, 1832-1837

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11 Sockett had joined Egremont's household at an early age. Through the interest of a poet friend of the earl, he came to Petworth House in 1797 as tutor to Egremont's eldest acknowledged son, George Wyndham, who had been sick and unhappy at boarding school. Just three years earlier, when he was nineteen and employed by John Holroyd, the first Earl of Sheffield at Sheffield Place in East Sussex, Sockett had taken his meals with the servants. 13 (Illive's origins are not certain, though she may have been the daughter of a schoolmaster.

Colborne saw in parishaided immigrants a pool of settlers whom he wanted to encourage to take over empty lands. Head saw the parish poor as immigrants in the same light as the parish paupers he had dealt with in his brief career as an assistant poor law commissioner in England, as people who needed to be pressured to find work and support themselves. The Petworth emigrations straddled the six years when changes in attitudes and policies towards poverty initiated in England were crossing the Atlantic and influencing the policies governing the reception of poor immigrants in Upper Canada.

As he knew from his years in the Colonial Office, these colonies had a seasonal workforce and a limited capacity to absorb poor newcomers. In speaking to the bill, Howick dealt with the commissioners' role in the colony by wishing away difficulties. He glossed over problems of long distance and primitive transport, and he waved aside the cost of establishing immigrant settlements on crown lands as an eventuality unlikely to be necessary. In his hands, the question of wage labour versus assisted settlement became one of the moral advantages of self-help with no doubt as to the answer.

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